What is the mechanism behind their function and What type of material we require to make them? Well, today we will try to give information on this & on Ceramic vs Semi Metallic Brake Pads.
Consumers depend on their vehicles for safe transportation from one place to another. Moreover, they heavily depend on braking systems. In the article below, we will see how a braking system functions and its importance.
After going through each of the above-mentioned points, one can determine the type of material of the braking system for a certain purpose.
Also, one can choose between Ceramic Brake Pads vs Semi-Metallic Brake Pads – which is better according to their vehicle and use of the vehicle.
What are brake pads and why do we require them?
A braking system consists of brake pads which are an essential part. They help in stopping the vehicle to a smooth and safe stop by providing friction.
There are two types of braking systems namely disc braking system and drum braking system. A disc braking system is quite different than a drum braking system in the design of hubs, rotors or discs, brake pads, and disc brake calipers.
The components we are mentioning, work together in synchrony when you apply the brake. Firstly, the rotor is initiated to work by the brake pads. This applies pressure on the pedal inputs when the driver presses on the brake.
In turn, the rotational speed of the rotor will reduce significantly. Therefore, the vehicle speed will decrease as well.
What material does require to make brake pads?
Initially, many brake pad producers use asbestos to make brake pads because of their ability to absorb heat efficiently.
However, in recent times, brake pads are made up of more materials. They are categorized into three parts: organic, semi-metallic, and ceramic.
Brake pads made of organic material
Organic brake pads mean that they contain rubber, carbon, glass, or fiberglass materials that are held in place by resin. Such brake pads we commonly use in vehicles for everyday use. Moreover, these do not generate too much heat while slowing down a vehicle to a stop. More commonly, these are also famous to us as Non-Asbestos Organic (NAO).
Brake pads made of Semi-Metallic (Metallic) material
Brake pads which are of semi-metallic or metallic materials contain 30-70% metals. Such metals include copper, iron, steel, even lubricants made of graphite or filler materials that have a long-lasting lifespan. Engineers use them to complete the process of manufacturing. Moreover, such brake pads we use for vehicles that we use regularly. Additionally, we can also use them to track performance.
Brake pads made of ceramic materials
Ceramic compounds with a long-lasting lifespan that producers use while making ceramic brake pads. Other types of materials they also use will improve the application of friction and distribution of heat. Before 2015, copper was a commonly used material in ceramic brake pads.
Copper is efficient in friction application as well as heat management. Moreover, the Environmental Protection Agency has urged to cut down the use of copper in brake pads. Moreover, they made it mandatory to reduce the amount of copper used to 0.5 percent of its weight by 2025. These are usually expensive but do not produce much sound or dust. In addition, such brake pads are mostly suitable for different ranges of temperatures as well as driving conditions.
Where do ceramic brake pads and semi-metallic brake pads differ?
Now, we can know the answer to the question. Ceramic Brake Pads vs Semi Metallic Brake Pads – Which is better as we discuss this topic in detail. Speaking of the differences, it only comes down to one single factor, which is the material of the brake pad.
Before answering the question Ceramic Brake Pads vs Semi-Metallic Brake Pads – Which is better, we need to know about the advantages each one offers.
Semi-metallic brake pads are more preferable when track driving or towing is done. They are usually for increasing performance vehicles since you can do braking over a wide range of temperatures and driving conditions.
Semi-metallic brake pads enable them to conduct heat efficiently and so can function in higher temperatures too. This system also offers instantaneous cooling after braking.
However, between Ceramic Brake Pads vs Semi-Metallic Brake Pads – Which is better is easy to decide as semi-metallic brake pads produce noise, unlike ceramic brake pads. Moreover, the price between the two does not differ much.
Now we will learn about the advantages that ceramic brake pads offer to answer the question of Ceramic Brake Pads vs Semi-Metallic Brake Pads. These do not produce much sound and can withstand greater temperatures too. Moreover, less damage may happen to the rotors.
With use, ceramic brake pads produce finer dust, unlike semi-metallic brake pads. As a result, debris is less on the wheels of the vehicle. Additionally, ceramic brake pads have a greater lifetime compared to semi-metallic brake pads.
Furthermore, there is no degradation of braking performance throughout its lifespan. It implies that there is less noise production as well as less damage to rotors.
Conclusion of Ceramic vs Semi Metallic Brake Pads
Now while deciding between Ceramic Brake Pads vs Semi-Metallic Brake Pads – Which is better one must keep in mind that ceramic brake pads are not suitable for every type of vehicle.
So it is advisable to carry out further research before reaching any conclusion.
Therefore, now you know how brake pads work and which material brake pads are suitable for a certain type of vehicle. So, you can select the correct brake pad according to the vehicle and its use.